Beryllium is a rare metal possessing a combination of physical and mechanical characteristics specifically suited to a wide range of demanding applications. Beryllium metal is extremely stiff and lightweight with a modulus of elasticity almost 50 percent greater than that of steel with only one-fourth the weight. Stiffness and lightweight enable accurate positioning of high-end instruments and optical equipment providing the ability to withstand extreme stress such as those encountered during spacecraft liftoff and various military applications.
Beryllium has excellent thermal characteristics, is nonmagnetic and is transparent to X-rays. As a result of its transparency beryllium is used widely in X-ray lithography for reproduction of micro-miniature integrated circuits and is used almost exclusively in all X-ray generators. Beryllium is also widely used in reactors, and other nuclear applications, as a reflector or moderator because it has a low thermal neutron absorption cross section.
Rare earth elements and rare metals, including beryllium and beryllium alloys, are facing increasing demand pressures driven primarily by global industrial growth as well as emerging new opportunities for beryllium use. The price of pure beryllium is generally in the range of $350 to $500 per kg.
Consumption by Metric Tons
Beryllium has a wide range of applications across a host of important industries that make it a highly valuable resource. It, or one it's many alloys, is an integral metal component of many things we take for granted in our daily lives. Without beryllium, and other rare earth metals, we would have a world without cell phones, iPods, digital and analog modems, broadband cable tools, nuclear reactors, anti-lock brakes, electric windows or door locks for example.
1. Telecom Equipment and Computing:
2. Automotive Electronics:
3. Aerospace and Defense:
4. Industrial Components:
5. Alternative and Clean Energy: